Publications and Papers

General and Technical Publications

Rest, J. (1986). Moral Development: Advances in Research and TheoryNew York: Praeger.

Rest, J. & Narvaez, D. (Eds.) (1994). Moral Development in the Professions: Psychology and Applied Ethics. Hillsdale , NJ : Erlbaum.

Rest, J. R., Narvaez, D., Bebeau, M., & Thoma, S. (1999). Postconventional moral thinking: A neo-Kohlbergian approachMahwah , NJ : Erlbaum.

Rest, J., Narvaez, D., Bebeau, M.J., & Thoma, S.J. (1999). A neo-Kohlbergian approach: The DIT and schema theory. Educational Psychology Review, 11 (4), 291-324.

Bebeau, M.J., & Thoma, S.J. (2003). Guide for DIT-2 . The Guide is designed for two kinds of users: (a) researchers wanting a brief account (3 pages) on how to use DIT-2 and interpret the REPORT; (b) researchers who want more detail: how to customize the DIT-2, add dilemmas of their own design, and information on about 50 variables calculated from DIT data (comes with order for DIT-2 or $25 separately).

Bebeau, M. J. & Lewis, P. (2003). Manual for Assessing and Promoting Identity Formation.
The manual for ethics educators describes Robert Kegan’s stages of identity formation as they apply to professional ethical development. It includes 24 examples of essays written by 18-22 year olds that illustrate levels of identity formation. Designed first to help educators identify where the student is developmentally, it then proposes guidelines for giving developmentally appropriate feedback. By engaging students in reflective writing, with feedback, the educator hopes to promote development.

Recent DIT Publications and Papers by Affiliated Staff

Bailey, C.D., Scott, I., & Thoma, S.J. (2010). Revitalizing accounting ethics research in the neo-Kohlbergian framework: Putting the DIT into perspective . Behavioral Research in Accounting, Forthcoming.

Maeda, Y., Thoma, S.J., & Bebeau, M.J. (2009). Understanding the relationship between moral judgment development and individual characteristics: The role of educational contexts. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101 (1). 233-247.

Bebeau, M.J. (2009). Enhancing professionalism using ethics education as part of a dental licensure board’s disciplinary action. Part 2. Evidence of the process. Journal of the American College of Dentistry, 76 (3). 32-45.

Thoma, S.J., Derryberry, P., & Narvaez, D. (2009). The distinction between moral judgment development and verbal ability: Some relevant data using socio-political outcome variables. High Ability Studies, 20 (2). 173-185.

Bebeau, M.J. (2008). Promoting ethical development and professionalism: Insights from educational research in the professions. University of St. Thomas Law Journal, 5 (2). 366-403

Thoma, S.J., Bebeau, M.B. & Bolland, A. (2007). Developmental phase as a moderator of the relationship Between moral judgment development and intermediate concepts in young professional students. In: Oser, F. and Veugelers, W., (Eds.), Getting Involved: Global Citizenship Development and Sources of Moral Values. Sense Publications, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Narvaez, D., & Gleason, T. (2007). The relation of moral judgment development and educational experience to recall of moral narratives and expository texts. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 168 (3). 251-276.

Crowson, H.M., Debacker, T.K., & Thoma, S.J. (2007). Are DIT scores empirically distinct from measures of political identification and intellectual ability? A test using post-9/11 data. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 25 (2).197-211.

Thoma, S.J. (2006). Research using the Defining Issues Test. In Killen and Smetana (Eds.), Handbook of Moral Psychology. L. Earlbaum: Mawah, NJ.

Derryberry, P., & Thoma, S.J. (2005). Moral judgment, self understanding, and moral actions: The role of multiple constructs. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 51. 67-92.

Derryberry, W.P., & Thoma, S.J. (2005). Functional differences: Comparing moral judgement developmental phases of consolidation and transition. Journal of Moral Education, 34 (1). 89-106.